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The IAI Arava is a small, yet versatile cargo plane, with excellent short field capability. The Miles Aerovan, of which Israel has used several, is believed to be the basis for this design. The resemblance is pretty obvious.
When Rockwell took over the Aero Commander company, they had no desire to continue production of the 1120 Jet Commander, as it competed directly with their own Sabreliner. Israeli Aircraft Industries acquired the rights to the Jet Commander and used it as the basis for the Westwind. They stretched the fuselage, increased the takeoff weight, and equipped it with more powerful engines. The aircraft was highly successful, remaining in production for 20 years, until IAI switched production to the Astra.
WWII medium bomber. Beyond the attention drawn by the famous Doolittle raid on Japan, the B-25 Mitchell served as an extremely capable and versatile aircraft throughout the war. Rugged and reliable, it's crews loved it, as much as the Axis powers hated it. This package contains several detailed repaints, thankfully provided by Garry J. Smith (www.gjsmith.net).
The Streak is a mid size passenger aircraft, designed to cruise at mach 3 at 50,000 and above. It sports a unique telescoping nose probe, designed to significantly reduce the sonic boom signature.
This is my concept of a super sized cargo plane to replace the C-5 Galaxy. A massive aircraft with a two cargo decks. With fully blown flaps, it still needs a substantial runway to take off, but no more so than any other large body aircraft. The concept involves the ability to transport a entire combat unit and all its equipment in a single load.
This is my concept of a wide body airliner in the 777/A330 class. It features steeply swept, rear mounted wings, with forward mounted canards for pitch control. It has four high bypass fanjet engines mounted under the wings.
The StoneAir Puddle Jumper is my rendition of a Boeing concept aircraft. The design is intended to satisfy the military's requirement for the ATT (Advanced Theater Transport). Boeing originally considered a true VTOL design, essentially an enlarged Osprey. But that proved impractical and they settled on a STOL design utilizing a tilting main wing.
The StoneAir Whisper is my concept of a medium size passenger jet, in the 737/A320 class. The rear mounted wings are configured to shield the high mounted twin engines from the ground, reducing its noise signature. It is designed for use in inner city and other environments where noise abatement is an issue.
The C-119 was developed from the WWII era C-82 Packet. It proved to be a robust and versatile aircraft, with over 1100 produced before production ceased in 1955. It performed as a cargo hauler, troop transport, air ambulance and was capable of air dropping both cargo and troops. It's cargo hauling ability, couple with its boxy appearance earned it the name "Flying Boxcar".
The Carvair was developed specifically to replace the aging Bristol 170's as a car ferry across the English Channel. Modifying surplus DC-4s proved an expedient and inexpensive solution. Like the plane it replaced, it had a huge bulbous nose, due to the high mounted cockpit, allowing for an unobstructed cargo bay. It could carry 5 automobiles and 20 passengers.
The KC-10 Extender was developed to augment the KC-135 tanker fleet and expand the Air Force aerial refueling capacity. Beginning with the Viet Nam War, the U.S. saw an ever increasing need for global air operations, and the existing fleet of KC-135 weren't deemed adequate. The aircraft was based on the McDonnell Douglas DC-10 air frame.
The Boeing 757 was designed as a direct replacement for the 727, to fill the gap between the smaller 737 and the 747 jumbo jet. It was a narrow body, twin engine design. It was built in two models, the original 200, which this model represents, and the stretched 300. Only moderately successful, production ended in 2004, with 1050 aircraft built.
The F-117 Nighthawk was America's first operational "stealth" aircraft. In spite of its fighter designation, it is actually a light bomber. Kept secret for many years, the F-117 was catapulted into the world wide public eye when they flawlessly penetrated Iraqi air defenses to drop the first bombs on Baghdad during the Gulf War. It was retired from service in 2008. 64 were built.
The J model is the latest upgrade to the venerable Hercules, intended to extend it's service life for many years. Also known as the "Super Hercules", the upgrade includes new engines, and a modernized flight deck, with high tech glass panel systems.
Unlike other aircraft which were adapted from cargo or utility helicopters, the Kmax was designed specifically to perform dedicated external lift operations. Known as a synchropter, it has twin, synchronized, counter rotating blades. The synchropter concept sports two distinct advantages over other systems. One, it's the most efficient of any rotor design. And secondly, it has a natural tendency to hover. This stability is important for precision placement of heavy payloads.
The Boeing B-52 reigned as America's premier long range strategic bomber for a number of decades. Nicknamed the "BUFF" (Big Ugly Fat F****r) for it huge, lumbering appearance, no one can argue with the massive weapons load it can deploy. In spite of the arrival of high tech supersonic aircraft, like the B-1, the B-52 remains in service after more than 50 years, due to its low operating cost, superior high subsonic performance, and massive payload capacity.
The wide body L-1011 was Lockheed's first entry into the jet passenger aircraft market. The L-1011 was an advanced design, quiet, efficient and touted as the safest aircraft in the air. It sported a highly advanced auto pilot, and was the first aircraft to be certified by the FAA for CatIIIc auto landing. In spite of this, sales were disappointing in the face of competition from the Boeing 747, and the Douglas DC-10, which it resembled. Only 250 were built, after which Lockheed abandoned the commercial aircraft market entirely.
The C-141 Starlifter was America's first jet powered transport aircraft. It also introduced the idea of rear mounted cargo doors which could be opened in flight for air drops. It also incorporated side exit doors specifically for deployment of paratroops. For nearly 40 years, the C-141 served as the back bone of the Air Force's strategic airlift capability.
Originally developed by McDonnell Douglas, the C-17 has become the work horse of the U.S. Air Force strategic airlift mission. It was designed with the same cross section as the C-5, in order to carry the same outsize cargo. But it trades cargo space for unparalleled performance. Pilots claim it handles more like a fighter than a large cargo aircraft. And with its fully blown flaps, it has exceptional STOL capability.
The Boeing 737 was originally developed as a smaller, less expensive alternative to the popular 727. It has since developed into an entire family of small to medium size, narrow body, twin engine aircraft. Continuously updated over the years, the 737 is the most successful aircraft in aviation history. It's in its 35th year of continuous production, with 6600+ aircraft delivered, and over 2000 still on order.
This model represents the larger, advanced 800 model.
The Pioneer was originally developed for military use as a light observation/transport aircraft. But it's outstanding STOL capability and its ability to operate out of unprepared airstrips makes it an attractive choice for as a civilian bush plane. It's large, high lift wing, and huge slotted flaps and slats give it a stall speed of only 30 knots. On a windy day it can actually fly backwards.
Named after the famous Thunderbolt of WWII fame, the A-10s unofficial name is "Warthog" or usually just "Hog", which seems to better fit its image. Rather than designing a plane and putting gun on it, they designed a gun and built a plane around it. Designed specifically to carry the devastating GAU-8 Avenger 30mm gatling gun, it earns its British nick name "Yankee Can Opener". The A-10 was slated for retirement, as the brass preferred super sonic aircraft, it has proven its value time and again and is now slated to continue in service through 2028.
The Titan was Cessna's largest twin engine aircraft at the time of its introduction in 1975. It was an enlarged version of the Cessna 402. It proved popular and over 400 were produced.
Derived from the F-111 Aardvark, the Raven is a dedicated ECM and defense suppression aircraft. The nose of the Aardvark was lengthened to make room for two additional electronic warfare officers, sitting behind the pilots, and ECM pods were added. It is intended to fly along side strike missions and suppress enemy defense activity, allowing the strike aircraft to reach their objective without interference.
The distinctive F-111 was the first tactical aircraft in U.S. service to employ variable sweep wings, afterburning turbofan engines, and terrain following radar. It was designed as a medium range interdiction and tactical strike aircraft. It could also serve as a strategic nuclear bomber. 563 aircraft were built for the U.S. Air Force and the Royal Australian Air Force.
Designed by Claudius Dornier, the Seastar is a twin engine turbo prop amphibious seaplane, with a push/pull engine pod mounted above the wing. The wing closely resembles the high lift design employed in the Dornier 328 series of turbo prop and jet aircraft.
The Douglas C-133 Cargomaster was built in response to a U.S. Air Force requirement for a new strategic air transport. Unlike previous aircraft, the C-133 sported a long tubular fuselage, with high mounted wings, and clam shell rear doors which provided an unobstructed cargo bay. This allowed the aircraft to carry assembled ICBM missiles, and in the later part of its career, it was used to transport Minuteman missiles to and from their silos.
The Gloster Javelin was an all weather interceptor with a delta wing configuration, developed for the RAF. It was the last aircraft to bear the Gloster name. It had a troubled development as the delta wings proved to be very stall prone at slow speeds, and there were multiple crashes, one fatal. In spite of this, the plane equipped 14 squadrons, although it was restricted in the maneuvers it could perform.
The Merlin III was a derivative of the early Merlin II, which itself derived from the Excalibur aircraft conceived by Texas businessman Ed Swearingen. The Merlin III emerged as a shortened version of the Metro family of regional aircraft. Equipped with twin Garret turbo props, it was sleek and fast.
The Fairchild Metroliner is a twin engine turbo prop which was derived as a stretch version of the existing Merlin line of corporate aircraft. Sleek and fast, it was popular with regional airlines, especially in Australia. Sales were rivaled only by the Beech 1900. Over 600 were produced in all models.
The Lear 35 began life as a Swiss ground attack aircraft, the FFA P-16. The project was cancelled after development problems and crashes. But Bill Lear saw promise in the design as a basis for a new line of business jets. He bought the rights to the aircraft and began production in 1962. The Learjet Corporation has undergone several ownership changes and is now a division of Bombardier. The plane was also sold to the U.S. Air Force as the C-21.
When the Boeing 314 Clipper entered service in 1939, it was one of the largest of the "flying boats". Boeing employed the massive wings of its cancelled XB-15 in order to achieve the lift and range needed for trans-oceanic flights. 12 were built, of which 9 were delivered to Pan Am, with the other 3 going to BOAC. The Clipper set a standard for passenger luxury and comfort that has not been surpassed.
The massive Lockheed C-5 is one of the largest military aircraft in existence. With its unrivaled cargo capacity, the aircraft remains a work horse of the U.S. Air Force. 131 C-5s were produced in the C-5A and C-5B models. The entire fleet is currently undergoing a major upgrade to become the C-5M Super Galaxy, with new engines, and modern avionics. This upgrade will extend the life of the aircraft to the year 2040.
The Dornier 328Jet was originally developed as a turbo jet powered version of its Dornier's 328 turbo prop aircraft. It continued limited production when Dornier was acquired by U.S. based Fairchild. Lagging sales and financial difficulties of both Fairchild and Dornier prevented further development of the type and production ceased with fewer than 60 aircraft.
In spite of the Saab name, this aircraft was originally a cooperative venture between Saab and Fairchild Aircraft. But when Fairchild ran into economic problems and ceased production, it reverted entirely to Saab. It was a popular aircraft, with the latest B models introducing active sound cancellation in the cabin.
459 aircraft were produced.
The Bristol 170 was designed to be a rugged freighter capable of operating from unprepared strips. It's ungainly, bulbous appearance comes from the cockpit being mounted above the flight deck, allowing for cargo bay free of obstruction. It gained prominence as an air ferry, carrying automobiles across the English Channel, allowing travelers to avoid the long waits for ferry service. 214 aircraft were built.
The P-3 Orion is based on the ill-fated Lockheed L-188 Electra passenger aircraft. Unlike the unsuccessful Electra, it has repeatedly proven itself in the patrol and anti-submarine role. In 2012, the P-3 will join a tiny handful of aircraft to have enjoyed 50 years of continuous service. However, the celebration will be short lived, as the P-3 is being replaced by the P-8 Poseidon, based on the Boeing 737.
The Lockheed Electra was the first turbo prop passenger aircraft to enter service in the U.S. It was a highly capable aircraft and enjoyed initial success. But two highly publicized, fatal crashes revealed a structural flaw in the engine mounts. The flaw was quickly corrected, but no further orders were forthcoming, as the airlines had laost faith in the aircraft. Oddly enough, it went on to become the basis for the hugely successful P-3 Orion naval patrol aircraft.
Only the older folks amongst us will recognize this aircraft as being used by the infamous Wiley Coyote, in one of his many attempts to catch the elusive Road Runner. You may also recall the motorized model manufactured by Monogram models during that same period.
The KC-135 Stratotanker was America's first jet tanker aircraft, based on the venerable 707. Continuously updated and improved over the years, these work horses of the U.S. Air Force have been in continuous service since 1957. However, most are reaching their mandatory retirement dates, and are scheduled to be replaced by the new KC-46A, which is based on the Boeing 767.
The Cessna 337 Skymaster was a unique four seater, introduced in 1961. It featured two inline mounted engines in a push/pull configuration, with a twin boom tail. The plane was known for the distinct buzzing sound resulting from the push/pull engines. The aircraft was hugely successful. 1993 were produced, which included 513 O-2 variants for the military.
The O-2 Bird Dog was a military version of the Cessna 337 Skymaster. Fast and highly maneuverable, the aircraft was well suited for use in the observation and forward air controller roles. It saw extensive service in Viet Nam, eventually being replaced by the OV-10 Bronco.
The single engine, four passenger PA-24 Comanche was the main stay of Piper's line from the time it was introduced in 1956, until production ceased in 1972. Oddly enough, production came to an end when the factory was flooded by Hurricane Agnes. Piper decided not rebuild the plant and concentrate on production of their Cherokee line.
The first of Britain's famous V bomber force, the Vickers Valiant had a troubled life. Originally designed as a high level strategic bomber, the advancement of SAM missiles changed its mission to low level penetration. But the added stress of low level flight revealed a critical design flaw in the wing supports. Rather than rebuild the entire fleet, Britain simply began converting to the Handley Page Victor.
The Gulfstream V was the first ultra long range corporate jet. This sleek twin engine jet can carry 16 passengers with an unrefueled range of 6500 miles. 191 aircraft were built, including a number sold to the U.S. Air Force as the C-37A.
The most successful aircraft of its type ever built, the venerable PBY served in every branch of the armed services. Anti-submarine, patrol bomber, cargo transport, convoy escort, search and rescue, it did it all. It was big and slow, but it was extremely rugged and reliable. Many a pilot downed in the Pacific was grateful to see the familiar shape of the PBY appear overhead. The aircraft remained in military service into the 1980's. Over 4000 aircraft were built.
Based on the Lockheed Super Constellation, the EC-121 Warning Star was America's standard airborne early warning aircraft prior to the introduction of the AWACs. It remained in service until 1982. 232 aircraft were built.
The Lockheed Super Constellation was considered by many to be the queen of the skies, it introduced passengers to an unmatched level of comfort and luxury. It even served as the personal aircraft of President Dwight Eisenhower. It's sleek and elegant lines made it one of the most recognizable aircraft of its day. Widely successful, with 856 aircraft built, its fate was sealed with the arrival of jet aircraft.
The 195 was Cessna's first post war, all aluminum, cantilever wing aircraft. It was also the only Cessna aircraft to employ a radial engine. The plane proved very popular, in spite of its expense. 1180 aircraft were produced before production ceased in 1954.
The first dedicated corporate jet to enter service, the Jetstar was distinguished by its four tail mounted engines, and its "slipper" fuel tanks mounted integral to the wings. It was also the largest aircraft of its class for a number of years, with a seating capacity of 10.
The Boeing 747sp was developed specifically at the request of Pan Am to be able to service their longest route, from London to Tokyo, with non-stop service. The "sp" designation stands for special performance. By significantly shortening the body of the 747, with a corresponding reduction in weight, Boeing created an aircraft that was faster, and had a longer range than anything in the air at the time.
The Beech Starship is one of the most distinctive business aircraft ever built. It was also one of the first aircraft to utilize composites in the air frame. The rear mounted, pusher props made the interior of the aircraft very quiet. However, pusher props meant the props operated in turbulent air behind the wings. This resulted in an unusually loud, buzzing external sound, as anyone who has ever heard one can testify to. Sadly, excessive operating costs made the plane unpopular and only 85 were built.
The Shorts 360 was an enlarged version of the successful Shorts 330. In spite of it's ungainly, boxy appearance, it was a versatile aircraft. It's long, high lift wings gave it excellent short field capability. 165 aircraft were built.
The Sabreliner gets its name from it's resemblance to the F86 Sabre. A small, twin engine jet, it was originally offered to the Air Force as part of the UTX program. But it was also offered in a corporate model. It was successful in both markets, with over 800 aircraft being built, of which 200 went to the Air Force as the T-39 trainer.
The North American F-86 Sabre was the most successful western fighter ever built. America's first operational swept wing fighter, it is best known for action in the Korean War, when it competed with Soviet Migs for control of the skies over Korea. Although designed as a pure fighter, fighter bomber versions were also built. Variations of the aircraft were produced under license by Canada and Australia. In all, an astounding 9860 aircraft were produced.
The Fokker F27 Friendship was one of the earliest passenger turbo prop aircraft to enter service. It was designed specifically to replace the aging DC3. The aircraft was moderately successful, with production of all models reaching 586 aircraft. This model represents the 500 model, a stretched version which could accommodate 52 passengers.
The MD-11 is a wide body medium to large range passenger jet. It was based on the existing DC-10 aircraft. And although very similar in appearance to the DC-10, retaining the tri-jet configuration, it incorporated many advancements in technology. With redesigned wing aerofoils, and more efficient engines, it also featured a high tech "glass" cockpit. Moderately successful, 200 aircraft were built.
The elegant Bristol Britannia was intended to fill a need for long range air travel across the wide spread British Empire. It's four efficient turbo prop engines provided excellent range. However, development was delayed as they searched for a cure to the problem of engine inlet icing. The delay meant that the Britannia didn't enter service until the jet age right around the corner. As a result only 87 aircraft were built.
The ERJ 145 was Embraer's initial entry into the regional jet market. The aircraft has proven immensely popular with regional airlines world wide. It is sleek and efficient and has become the foundation for an entire line of regional jets. It's primary competition is the Bombardier CRJ line of regional jets. Over 1100 have been produced to date.
The Avro Regional Jet family is an advanced derivative of the BAE 146 family of aircraft. It's four high bypass fanjet engines are extremely quiet, making this aircraft popular for use in inner city airports were noise abatement is an issue. It's very fat body makes it unique in the world of regional jets, seating 5 or 6 across. This model represent the model 85, which designates its passenger capacity.
Wishing to build on the success of the single engine Pioneer, Scottish Aviation set out to design a larger, twin engine aircraft. And although the "Twin Pin", as its known, has little resemblance to it's smaller sibling, it shares the Pioneer's excellent STOL capability, and its ability to operate off of rough, unprepared air strips.
The Caribou was De Havilland's first twin engine aircraft. Like it's predecessor, the Beaver, the Caribou was extremely rugged and reliable, and had exceptional STOL performance. Although some were used as commercial freighters, the majority saw military use, including 159 aircraft sold to the U.S. Military. The "Boo" saw extensive service in the Viet Nam war.
The Malibu Meridian resulted from Piper's desire to create a turbo prop version of the popular P-46 Malibu, with larger wings and tail surfaces to handle the additional power. The aircraft is sleek and elegant.
Grumman design the Goose to specifically meet the requirement of Long Island businessmen, in need of quick transportation to and from new york. The rugged and versatile plane went on to see great success, filling many roles in both the commercial and military markets. 345 aircraft were built.
The 737 Whisperjet, as it was known, was a narrow body commercial airliner, designed for short range operation. With its distinctive rear mounted tri-jet configuration, it was very quiet and comfortable, quickly proving to be a favorite of airline passengers. It quickly became a main stay on domestic airline routes, and enjoyed unrivaled success. 1831 aircraft were built.
With the 1900 line, Beechcraft launched what was to become one of the most successful small passenger aircraft ever. The aircraft was efficient and had excellent short field capability. It could operate off of dirt and grass strips with ease. This was a factor in its immense popularity. Over 2000 of these aircraft, in various models, have been produced.